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How to Calculate OEE – Formulas & Examples

time clock 4 min read • May 27, 2020 Mr. Evocon calculates OEE components
viktorija trubaciute profile evocon

Viktorija Trubaciute

UX Designer & Researcher

While our OEE calculator helps you estimate your OEE, this article explains in detail how to calculate OEE and it’s components. We will look at the formulas and explain the calculations using examples.

Calculate OEE – Formulas and Examples

While you can find many different articles in our OEE fundamentals section about the importance of OEE and how to apply it, our aim here is to look at calculating OEE in more detail.

We’ll present you with the formulas you need to understand together with calculation examples which are based on the default values in our OEE calculator. By the time you finish this article, you will know exactly how to calculate OEE.

If you have any questions about the formulas or explanations, don’t hesitate to get in contact with our team.

In this article you will find:

Availability Formula Explained

Availability is essentially the time that your machines are actually working, as a percentage of scheduled working time.

availability component explained

To calculate Availability the actual working time is divided by all scheduled time for the same period to get proportion and multiplied by 100 to express the value in percentages:

availability formula
availability formula

You already know your scheduled working time, but how do you find out your actual working time?

availability actual working time
availability actual working time

To do that, you register all stops (downtime) and subtract them from all scheduled working time.

availability actual working time explained
availability actual working time explained

Performance Formula Explained

To calculate performance, you need to find out how many products you produce, and how it compares to the number of products that you could produce at maximum speed during your actual (not all scheduled, but actual) working time.

performance component explained

The formula of the Performance component of OEE is:

performance formula

performance formula

You already know how many products you produce (keep in mind, these are all products, including scrap), but how do you find out how many you could produce?

performance products that could be produced

performance products that could be produced

To do that, you simply multiply your actual working time and your maximum production speed.

performance products that could be produced explained

performance products that could be produced explained

How do you find out your actual working time and calculate OEE?

Remember when we calculated Availability? We registered all the stops to get downtime and subtracted downtime from all scheduled time. Here is the reminder for you:

availability actual working time
availability actual working time
availability actual working time explained
availability actual working time explained

How do you find out your maximum production speed?

Sometimes the manufacturer of the machine specifies it (alternative terms – “nameplate”, or “ideal cycle time”). If not, you can identify the fastest recorded time by looking at historical performance and then calculate how many products you would make if your machines were constantly running at that speed.

If you don’t have this data, we highly recommend implementing an OEE system that does these calculations for you and gives you the data you need to manage OEE effectively.

Quality Formula Explained

Simply put, quality shows the portion of good products among all products.

quality component explained

The formula for Quality is:

quality formula
quality formula

“All products” is simply good products + scrapped + reworkable products.

quality formula all products
quality formula all products

How All OEE Components Work Together

If you multiply all OEE components with each other you will get the OEE value.

alternative oee formula
alternative oee formula

Even though there is a simpler way to calculate OEE, but this formula is also useful. You could use it to find out a missing OEE component if you know the other values. For example, if you know your OEE, Performance, and Quality, then you can find out Availability like this:

availability from alternative oee formula
availability from alternative oee formula
Here is the interactive visualization of this formula:
Availability %
Performance %
Quality %
OEE = % x % x % = %

This graph is interactive! (drag the dashed --- lines)